Monday, March 13, 2017

1879 Reports of the Inspectors, Warden, Physican & Chaplain of the Maine State Prison

Reports of the Inspectors and Warden of the Maine State Prison and of the Physician and Chaplain, also the Report of the Commissioners, 1879.  67 page booklet printed by S. F. Pillsbury & Co., State Printers, 1879, Augusta, Maine.

See another post that features the names, ages, nativities and crimes of the 254 prisoners at the prison in 1879.

The booklet contains:
  • Two pages naming the administrative staff at the prison - see images of pages 3 and 4 at the end of this post
  • Commissioners' Report - by B. F. Morse; I. P. Waterhouse; G. W. Ricker; Edward Hills
  • Warden's Report - by new Warden George Tolman.  Includes the fact that Warden Tolman had become warden in April 1879 and found many deficiencies; that the prison enjoyed brisk sales of the carriages constructed at the prison; that convict, William D. Blake, who had spent many years in the carriage shop, was hired as an overseer after his pardon; list of prisoners [see the link mentioned above] and statistics on them - see images of page 23-26 at the end of this post; convicts that records show as received into the prison but not there - see image of page 27 at the end of this post.
  • Physician's Report by Henry C. Levensaler, M.D., with a list of the various ailments the prisoners suffered and mention of four deaths - Owen F. Young died of pththisis pulmonalis on March 30;  Marshall F. Young died of endocarditis with effusion on August 20; James Stone died of typhoid fever, complicated with tuberculosis on October 30, after having been removed from the prison; Alexander Clifford died of hanging in his cell on November 29, after having received news of the death of his father
  • Report of Chaplains - by G. P. Mathews and W. H. Williams, ministers at Thomaston, Maine
  • Instructor's Report - David J. Starrett - contains his belief "that no money expended for the welfare of these men gives better returns, than that devoted to their moral and intellectual well-being.  Maine was the first state to lead off in giving to her prisoners the means of rectifying the neglects of childhood, and it is gratifying to notice that other states are imitating her example in this respect."  "It is a mistake to believe that because a man is in prison, all the better feelings of his heart are dead.  No.  They are men yet, and by kind treatment and good advice, maybe, many of them are lead back again to better ways of life, and restored to society and friends to wander nevermore."  He also noted that the prison had received 13 prisoners who couldn't read; 27 who couldn't write and only three who had received a fair, common school education.  He singles out benefactors to the prison: Nelson F. Evans, Esq., of Philadelphia; the American Bible Society of New York; Tract Society, Boston; Joshua Nye, Esq. of Augusta; T. G. Stickney, Esq. of Bangor; Eastern Express; Bangor & Machias Steamboat Company; editors of The Zion's Herald, the Eastern Watchman; the Banner; H. L. Hastings of Boston; Deacon Steven Thurston of Winthrop, in his 86th year, who made with his own hands a "very neat tablet of Scripture mottoes and presented them to the prison"
  • The Council Committee - submitted by H. H. Monroe
  • the Commutation Law
  • Prison and Jail Inspectors' Report - by Edward Cushing and George W. Martin - a many-page report, including a table of Maine's jails - see image of page 57 at the end of this post.
  • Minority Report - by Rufus Prince
Click on an image to enlarge it.

Administrative Staff:

Statistics provided in the report of Warden George Tolman:

From the Warden's Report, the list of men not at the prison but shown as entered in, with no records of discharge:

Names of the men above, in alphabetical order:

Jacob Bolton3 years sentence
John Bragdon5 years sentence
Frederick Brett3 years sentence
Frank M. Briggs3 years sentence
William Chapman1 year, 6 months sentence
Peter Corneil1 year sentence
Reuben H. Day3 years sentence
William R. Duff1 year sentence
Frederick Edwards2 years sentence
John Haggerty2 years sentence
Edward H. Hoswell9 years sentence
Edward Ingalls1 year sentence
Lewis H. Jellison1 year sentence
Simon Katzinstein3 years sentence
Thomas Lawler3 years, 6 months sentence
Francis H. Lowell1 year sentence
James Perkins1 year, 6 months sentence
Daniel Peters2 years sentence
James Quimby1 year sentence
Jeremiah Ragan4 years sentence
Simon P. Raynolds3 years sentence
Rudolph Suess2 years sentence
George Tracy3 years sentence
Edward F. Walsh2 years, 6 months sentence
William W. Willard1 year sentence
Henry York3 years sentence

From the report of Maine State Prison Physician, Henry C. Levensaler, M.D.:

From the Report of the Inspectors, Edward Cushing and George W. Martin; a table of the 13 jails in Maine:

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